I am a postdoctoral fellow with Prof Finale Doshi-Velez in the Data to Actionable Knowledge group.

I obtained my PhD in the Computational and Biological Learning lab at the University of Cambridge, supervised by Prof Richard E Turner and advised by Prof Carl Rasmussen. During my PhD, I designed algorithms for large-scale machine learning systems that learn sequentially without revisiting past data, are private over user data, and are uncertainty-aware. My PhD was funded by an EPSRC DTP award and a Microsoft Research EMEA PhD Award. I also held an Honorary Vice-Chancellor’s Award from the Cambridge Trust.

Quick Links: Publications, Google Scholar, CV.

Research summary

I am interested in applying Bayesian methods to large neural network models, with the aim of understanding and using them in challenging scenarios. Recently, this has included two machine learning fields that go beyond the common assumption of having all data available at once: continual / lifelong learning (data arrives sequentially and past data cannot all be revisited), and federated learning (data is split among many different clients). Both of these are examples of constraints that deployed algorithms may have to face in the real world. An example application of federated learning is when training a global healthcare model on patient data from different hospitals, where sensitive patient data must not leave local hospital databases.

I have spent time characterising and improving approximate Bayesian inference techniques, usually variational inference (Swaroop et al., 2018; Tomczak et al., 2018; Osawa et al., 2019; Tomczak et al., 2020; Tomczak et al., 2021). I have applied these techniques to continual learning (Swaroop et al., 2018; Bui et al., 2018; Osawa et al., 2019; Pan et al., 2020; Loo et al., 2021; Khan & Swaroop, 2021) and federated learning (Bui et al., 2018; Sharma et al., 2019). I have been exploring the links and commonalities between these two fields, and continue to actively work in this area. Recently I have also done work looking at the function-space of (Bayesian) neural networks (Pan et al., 2020; Khan & Swaroop, 2021).


Jul 2022 I have started as a postdoctoral fellow in Harvard University, with Prof Finale Doshi-Velez in the Data to Actionable Knowledge group.
Mar 2022 I successfully defended my PhD thesis, “Probabilistic Continual Learning using Neural Networks”. It will be available online soon.
Dec 2021 Paper at NeurIPS 2021, Knowledge-Adaptation Priors.

Second paper at NeurIPS 2021, Collapsed Variational Bounds for Bayesian Neural Networks.

Gave part of an invited talk at Bayesian Deep Learning workshop (at NeurIPS 2021), jointly with Emtiyaz Khan and Dharmesh Tailor, Adaptive and Robust Learning with Bayes.
Nov 2021 I have written two blog posts on natural-gradient variational inference (NGVI). The first part motivates and derives equations for NGVI on neural networks. The second part scales to large datasets/architectures such as ImageNet/ResNets, following Osawa et al. (2019).
Jul 2021 Invited oral at Theory and Foundations of Continual Learning workshop (ICML 2021), Continual Deep Learning with Bayesian Principles.

Two invited talks at Microsoft Research Cambridge, UK, at the Machine learning reading group and Healthcare intelligence reading group, on Continual Deep Learning with Bayesian Principles.
Jun 2021 Invited talks at University of Toronto, Canada; DtAK lab, Harvard University, USA; and OATML, University of Oxford, UK, on Continual Deep Learning by Functional Regularisation of Memorable Past (Pan et al., 2020).
Jan 2021 Paper at ICLR 2021, Generalized Variational Continual Learning.
Dec 2020 Oral presentation at NeurIPS 2020, Continual Deep Learning by Functional Regularisation of Memorable Past (top 1% of submissions, 105/10K).

Paper at NeurIPS 2020, Efficient Low Rank Gaussian Variational Inference for Neural Networks.
Jul 2020 Oral at LifeLongML Workshop (ICML 2020), Combining Variational Continual Learning with FiLM Layers.

Second oral at LifeLongML Workshop (ICML 2020), Continual Deep Learning by Functional Regularisation of Memorable Past.
Jun 2020 I have been awarded a Microsoft Research EMEA PhD Award to fund my research on function-space Bayesian neural networks for continual learning and federated learning. Also see news article.
Dec 2019 Paper at NeurIPS 2019, Practical Deep Learning with Bayesian Principles.
Dec 2018 Oral at Continual Learning Workshop (NeurIPS 2018), Improving and Understanding Variational Continual Learning.

Spotlight at Bayesian Deep Learning Workshop (NeurIPS 2018), Partitioned Variational Inference: A unified framework encompassing federated and continual learning.

Paper at Advances in Approximate Bayesian Inference Symposium (2018), Neural network ensembles and variational inference revisited.
Jun 2018 Internship at Microsoft Research, Cambridge, supervised by John Winn and Martin Kukla, on knowledge-base construction.
Oct 2017 Started my PhD with Professor Richard Turner at the Machine Learning Group.